Blanding's x Wood Turtle Hybrids



© 2004 James H. Harding


Emydoidea blandingii X Glyptemys insculpta


Every once in a while, something truly out of the ordinary catches one's attention.  Such was the case a few years back while attending the professional herpetology meetings in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Jim Harding had submitted an abstract for a talk he was going to give on hybrid turtles from two different GENERA, never mind different species!  What a fascinating presentation that turned out to be!  This wasn't just a single freak individual seen in the wild, but rather, it was full-blown DNA evidence. Although I don't normally include literature citations throughout this website, due to the unusual nature of the turtle pictured above, the citation is included and can be downloaded by clicking on the citation:

Harding, J. H. and S. K. Davis. 1999. Clemmys insculpta (Wood Turtle) and Emydoidea blandingii (Blanding's Turtle).

Hybridization. Herpetological Review 30: 225-226.  

So, how did this happen?  As it turns out, Jim was excavating a nesting site in a small research enclosure during August of 1997, when he came across some weird looking hatchlings.  Based on the fact that the only adult male Wood Turtle in the pen had sustained serious injuries to its reproductive organs, during an attack by a raccoon, Jim suspected the hatchlings might be hybrids.  One hatchling, that had been accidentaly killed during the excavation, was sent to Scott Davis at Texas A & M University for DNA analyses.  Using mitochondrial DNA (mDNA is passed down through the maternal line...let's call it "Mom DNA"), Scott was able to deduce that the mother of these hatchlings had been a Wood Turtle.  Then, using a "microsatellite" method, he was able to do the dreaded 'paternity test'.  As it turns out, dad was a Blanding's Turtle!!!  Scandalous!  If that wasn't enough, another clutch of hybrids was produced in 1998...and again in 1999!  

So, what's the big deal, scientifically speaking?  Well, would the little ones grow up to have a plastral hinge like dad?  Would they be fertile?  Would the sex of their offspring be determined by temperature like dad, or genetically like mom?  Wow!  How about the basic structure of the shell? High domed like a Blanding's?  Sculptured like a Wood Turtle?  All kinds of interesting questions!


Here are a few more pictures of the "Harding Hybrids"


© 2004 Darrell Senneke



© 2004 Darrell Senneke

I should also mention that, two decades ago, Dr. Carl Ernst published a note about a hybrid between Clemmys guttata and Glyptemys muhlenbergi (although both were in the same genus in 1983). Unfortunately, we didn't have the genetic tools we have now to confirm the hybrid status. Interested readers should obtain the following article, available in your local university library. 

Ernst, C. H. 1983. Clemmys guttata (Spotted turtle) X Clemmys muhlenbergii (Bog turtle). Natural hybrid. Herpetological Review 14: 75.



Last updated: February 7th, 2010

Dr. Raymond A. Saumure  ©  2002-2010   •   All Rights Reserved